First ascent: 29 May 1953, by the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, in the British expedition led by John Hunt.
The rooftop of the world was the first eight-thousander climbed by Edurne Pasaban. In 2001 the legendary Everest was the starting point for the Tolosa mountaineer's race to climb the 14 eight-thousanders.
Its 8,848 metres make the misnamed Everest the highest and therefore the most famous mountain on the planet. Its Tibetan name is Chomolungma (Holy Mother of Abundance), and it is called Sagarmatha in the Sherpa language (the ethnic group inhabiting the Khumbu valley, at whose head the mountain stands). Each spring, hundreds of men and women try to reach its summit - perhaps too many - and the gradual commercialisation of the mountain has led to growing controversy.
Very few attempt it without oxygen, and almost nobody ventures away from the two thoroughly equipped "normal" routes, despite the mountain having 18 trails, some still awaiting their first successful ascent.
While Everest is not a technically difficult mountain, its almost 9,000 metres make it a battle against fatigue and the ravages of the cold and the altitude. Underestimating it is a mistake that can cost dearly. In particular, Everest claims victims during the descent, and not so much due to accidents but rather to exhaustion, faulty oxygen systems and exposure to extreme altitude.
Everest was the first eight-thousander conquered by Edurne in 2001. On that occasion she used supplementary oxygen, and she is thinking about returning to repeat the ascent but this time without the help of the bottled gas.
Peak reached by Edurne Pasaban on 23 May 2001.